alexa Prostatic growth and development are regulated by FGF10.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Andrology-Open Access

Author(s): Thomson AA, Cunha GR

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Abstract We have examined the role of Fibroblast Growth Factor 10 (FGF10) during the growth and development of the rat ventral prostate (VP) and seminal vesicle (SV). FGF10 transcripts were abundant at the earliest stages of organ formation and during neonatal organ growth, but were low or absent in growth-quiescent adult organs. In both the VP and SV, FGF10 transcripts were expressed only in a subset of mesenchymal cells and in a pattern consistent with a role as a paracrine epithelial regulator. In the neonatal VP, FGF10 mRNA was expressed initially in mesenchymal cells peripheral to the peri-urethral mesenchyme and distal to the elongating prostatic epithelial buds. At later stages, mesenchymal cells surrounding the epithelial buds also expressed FGF10 transcripts. During induction of the SV, FGF10 mRNA was present in mesenchyme surrounding the lower Wolffian ducts and, at later stages, FGF10 transcripts became restricted to mesenchymal cells subadjacent to the serosa. We investigated whether the FGF10 gene might be regulated by androgens by analysing the levels of FGF10 transcripts in SV and VP organs grown in serum-free organ culture. While FGF10 transcript levels increased after treatment with testosterone in the SV (but not VP), these changes were not sensitive to anti-androgen treatment, and thus it is likely that FGF10 mRNA was not directly regulated by testosterone. Also, FGF10 mRNA was observed in the embryonic female reproductive tract in a position analogous to that of the ventral prostate in males suggesting that FGF10 is not regulated by androgens in vivo. Recombinant FGF10 protein specifically stimulated growth of Dunning epithelial and BPH1 prostatic epithelial cell lines, but had no effect on growth of Dunning stromal cells or primary SV mesenchyme. Furthermore, FGF10 protein stimulated the development of ventral prostate and seminal vesicle organ rudiments in serum-free organ culture. When both FGF10 and testosterone were added to organs in vitro, there was no synergistic induction of development. Additionally, development induced by FGF10 was not inhibited by the addition of the anti-androgen Cyproterone Acetate demonstrating that the effects of FGF10 were not mediated by the androgen receptor. Taken together, our experiments suggest that FGF10 functions as a mesenchymal paracrine regulator of epithelial growth in the prostate and seminal vesicle and that the FGF10 gene is not regulated by androgens
This article was published in Development and referenced in Andrology-Open Access

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