Author(s): Wagenlehner FM, Naber KG, Bschleipfer T, Brhler E, Weidner W
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Abstract BACKGROUND: The prostatitis syndrome is a multifactorial condition of largely unknown etiology. The new NIH classification divides the prostatitis syndrome into a number of subtypes: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, inflammatory and noninflammatory chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic prostatitis. METHODS: This article is based on a selective review of the literature regarding the assessment and management of the prostatitis syndrome and on a recently published consensus statement of the International Prostatitis Collaboration Network. RESULTS: Pathogenic organisms can be cultured only in acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis. These conditions should be treated with antibiotics, usually fluoroquinolones, for an adequate period of time. 90\% of patients with prostatitis syndrome, however, suffer not from bacterial prostatitis but from chronic (abacterial) prostatitis / chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS). It remains unclear whether CP/CPPS is of infectious origin, and therefore the utility of a trial of antimicrobial treatment is debatable. Treatment with alpha receptor blockers is recommended if functional subvesical obstruction is documented or suspected. Symptomatic therapy for pelvic pain should be given as well. CONCLUSIONS: The prostatitis syndrome is a complex condition with a tendency toward chronification. It is important, therefore, that the patient be fully informed about the diagnostic uncertainties and the possibility that treatment may meet with less than complete success.
This article was published in Dtsch Arztebl Int
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