alexa Protecting against ischemia-reperfusion injury: antiplatelet drugs, statins, and their potential interactions.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Author(s): Ye Y, PerezPolo JR, Birnbaum Y

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Statins and antiplatelet agents are currently used as therapeutic agents for patients with acute myocardial infarction. Statins limit myocardial infarct size by activating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K), ecto-5'-nucleotidase, Akt/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and the downstream effectors inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Inhibition of PI3K, adenosine receptors, eNOS, iNOS, or COX-2 abrogates the protective effects of statins. At >5 mg/kg, aspirin attenuates the myocardial infarct-size-limiting effect of statins. In contrast, the combination of low-dose atoravastatin with either the phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor cilostazol or the adenosine reuptake inhibitor dipyridamole synergistically limits infarct size. Low-dose aspirin with dipyridamole started during ischemia augmented the infarct-size-limiting effects of simvastatin. In contrast, high-dose aspirin blocked the protective effect of simvastatin. The combination of dipyridamole with low-dose aspirin and simvastatin resulted in the smallest infarct size. According to the most current data available, we believe that antiplatelet regimens may require modification for patients who are receiving statins. © 2010 New York Academy of Sciences. This article was published in Ann N Y Acad Sci and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords