alexa Protective effect of calcium on inactivation of Escherichia coli by high hydrostatic pressure.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Hauben KJ, Bernaerts K, Michiels CW

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The effect of divalent cations on the inactivation of Escherichia coli by high hydrostatic pressure was investigated. The presence of 0.5 mmol l-1 of CaCl2, MgCl2, MnCl2 and FeCl2 reduced pressure inactivation of E. coli MG1655, while 0.5 mmol l-1 of ZnCl2, NiCl2, CuCl2 and CoCl2 increased inactivation. Baroprotection by Ca2+ was found to be dose-dependent up to at least 80 mmol l-1 and was studied in more detail in terms of inactivation kinetics. Logarithmic survivor plots against time deviated from first order kinetics, suggesting that MG1655 cultures were heterogeneous with regard to pressure resistance. All cultures were shown to contain a small proportion of cells that were only slowly inactivated. Addition of Ca2+ increased the proportion of these tolerant cells in the cultures up to 1000-fold at 80 mmol l-1, but did not affect their inactivation rate. The addition of EDTA resulted in the opposite effect, lowering the proportion of pressure-tolerant cells in the cultures. Three pressure-resistant mutants of E. coli MG1655 were found to be more resistant to EDTA under pressure compared with MG1655, and were unaffected by Ca2+ under pressure. In addition, these mutants had a 30-40\% lower Ca2+ content than MG1655. Based on these results, it is postulated that pressure killing of E. coli MG1655 is mediated primarily by the destabilization of Ca(2+)-binding components, and that the mutations underlying pressure resistance have resulted in pressure-stable targets with reduced Ca(2+)-binding affinity.
This article was published in J Appl Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords