Author(s): Susa N, Ueno S, Furukawa Y, Sugiyama M
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Abstract Pretreatment of primary cultures of rat hepatocytes with alpha-tocopherol succinate (vitamin E) for 20 h prior to exposure to K2Cr2O7 resulted in a marked decrease of chromium (VI)-induced cytotoxicity, as evaluated by the leakage of lactate dehydrogenase, without affecting cellular uptake and the subcellular distribution of chromium. The levels of chromium (VI)-induced lipid peroxidation, as monitored by malondialdehyde formation, were also inhibited by pretreatment with the vitamin. Pretreatment with vitamin E normalized the levels of nonenzymatic antioxidants such as glutathione and vitamin C suppressed by dichromate, and caused a distinct accumulation of vitamin E in hepatocytes. However, vitamin E pretreatment did not affect the activities of enzymatic antioxidants including glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase suppressed by dichromate. These results indicate that the protective effect of vitamin E against chromium (VI)-induced cytotoxicity as well as lipid peroxidation, may be associated more with the level of nonenzymatic antioxidants than the activity of enzymatic antioxidants.
This article was published in Arch Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering & Biomedical Science