Author(s): Jemai H, Messaoudi I, Chaouch A, Kerkeni A
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Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effects of subchronic exposure to cadmium (Cd) on the antioxidant defense system of red blood cells (RBCs) and lipid peroxide concentration in the plasma, as well as the possible protective role of zinc (Zn). For this purpose, 60 male Wistar rats (8 weeks old) were divided into three groups: the first group was exposed to Cd in the form of CdCl(2), administered in five doses (each of 0.4mg Cd/kg BW) on days 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25, giving a total dose of 2mg Cd/kg BW, i.p.; the second group was simultaneously exposed to Zn and Cd with the same timeline and the same doses of Cd as the first group but with, in addition, injections of Zn in the form of ZnCl(2), administered in doses of 0.8mg Zn/kg BW, giving a total dose of 4mg Zn/kg BW, i.p.; a control group received 0.5mL of physiological saline in an identical manner. It was shown that exposure to Cd induced a significant decrease (p<0.05) in superoxide dismutase (Zn/Cu SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in RBCs. Increased lipid peroxide concentration, measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), was also observed in the plasma of cadmium-exposed rats. Cd had no effect on glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity. Zn administration had a beneficial effect on the Cd-induced decrease in Zn/Cu SOD activity (p<0.05) but not on CAT activity. Animals receiving Cd and Zn simultaneously had significantly (p<0.05) lower concentrations of lipid peroxides than rats exposed to Cd alone. Our results indicate that Cd causes oxidative stress and that Zn supply in conditions of exposure to Cd can partially protect against Cd-induced oxidative stress.
This article was published in J Trace Elem Med Biol
and referenced in Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics