alexa Protective effects of steroid saponins from Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis on ethanol- or indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal lesions in rats: structural requirement for activity and mode of action.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

Author(s): Matsuda H, Pongpiriyadacha Y, Morikawa T, Kishi A, Kataoka S,

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Abstract The methanolic extract from the rhizomes of Paris polyphylla SM. var. yunnanensis (FR.) H-M. was found to potently inhibit ethanol-induced gastric lesions in rats. Through bioassay-guided separation, four known spirostanol-type steroid saponins, pennogenin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)-[alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl(1-->4)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), pennogenin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->4)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), diosgenin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)-[alpha-L-arabinofuranosyl(1-->4)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3), and diosgenin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->4)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->4)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1-->2)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (4), and a new furostanol-type steroid saponin, parisaponin I (5), together with two known furostanol-type steroid saponins, trigofoenoside A (6) and protogracillin (7), were isolated from the active fraction. Compounds 1-4 (1.25-10 mg/kg, po) strongly inhibited gastric lesions induced by ethanol and indomethacin. With regard to structural requirement of steroid saponins, the 3-O-glycoside moiety and spirostanol structure were found to be essential for the activity and the 17-hydroxyl group in the aglycon part enhanced the protective effects against ethanol-induced gastric lesions. The protective effects of 1 and 3 against ethanol-induced gastric lesions were attenuated by pretreatment with indomethacin and N-ethylmaleimide. Compounds 1 and 3 weakly inhibited acid secretions in pylorus-ligated rats. These findings suggested that endogenous prostaglandins and sulfhydryl compounds were involved in the protective activity.
This article was published in Bioorg Med Chem Lett and referenced in Medicinal & Aromatic Plants

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