Author(s): Nirmala C, Puvanakrishnan R
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Abstract The effect of curcumin on the biochemical changes induced by isoproterenol (ISO) administration in rats was examined. ISO (300 mg Kg-1 administered subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 h) caused a decrease in body weight and an increase in heart weight, water content as well as in the levels of serum marker enzymes viz creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and LDH1 isozyme. It also produced electrocardiographic changes such as increased heart rate, reduced R amplitude and ST elevation. Curcumin at a concentration of 200 mg.Kg-1, when administered orally, showed a decrease in serum enzyme levels and the electrocardiographic changes got restored towards normalcy. Myocardial infarction was accompanied by the disintegration of membrane polyunsaturated fatty acids expressed by increase of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), a measure of lipid peroxides and by the impairment of natural scavenging, characterized by the decrease in the levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, ceruloplasmin, alpha tocopherol, reduced glutathione (GSH) and ascorbic acid. The oral pretreatment with curcumin two days before and during ISO administration decreased the effect of lipid peroxidation. It was shown to have a membrane stabilizing action by inhibiting the release of beta-glucuronidase from nuclei, mitochondria, lysosome and microsome. Curcumin pre- and co-treatment decreased the severity of pathological changes and thus, could have a protective effect against the damage caused by myocardial infarction (MI).
This article was published in Mol Cell Biochem
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability