Author(s): Martin I, Kriaa F, Proulle V, Guillet B, Kaplan C,
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Abstract Type I Glanzmann's thrombasthenia is a rare congenital platelet function disorder, characterized by undetectable platelet membrane glycoprotein IIb-IIIa (GPIIb-IIIa). Severe bleeding is controlled by transfusion of normal platelets, leading in some cases to the occurrence of anti-GPIIb-IIIa isoantibodies, which induces a loss of transfused platelet efficacy. We used immunoadsorption on protein A Sepharose (IA-PA), which has been shown to be efficient in decreasing the titre of antibodies in several immune diseases, in three patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia and anti-GPIIb-IIIa isoantibodies on five different occasions. IA-PA was well tolerated with no deleterious side-effects reported. It induced a dramatic decrease of total immunoglobulin (Ig)G, including anti-GPIIb-IIIa isoantibody levels, as assessed by the monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigens test and the ex vivo inhibition of normal platelet aggregation induced by the patient's platelet-rich or platelet-poor plasma. Elimination of the antibody was associated with a correction of the bleeding time following platelet transfusion. IA-PA combined with platelet transfusion made it possible to control two life-threatening haemorrhages, and allowed two surgical procedures and one bone marrow transplantation to be performed safely. Our experience suggests that IA-PA, which restores the haemostatic efficacy of platelet transfusion, is a valuable therapeutic strategy in patients with Glanzmann's thrombasthenia and anti-GPIIb-IIIa isoantibodies.
This article was published in Br J Haematol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Case Reports