Author(s): Sun WQ, Davidson P
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Abstract Trehalose is the most effective carbohydrate in preserving the structure and function of biological systems during dehydration and subsequent storage. We have studied the kinetics of protein inactivation in amorphous glucose/sucrose (1:10, w/w) and glucose/trehalose (1:10, w/w) systems, and examined the relationship between protein preservation, phase separation and crystallization during dry storage. The glucose/trehalose system preserved glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase better than did the glucose/sucrose system with the same glass transition temperature (Tg). The Williams-Landel-Ferry kinetic analysis indicated that the superiority of the glucose/trehalose system over the glucose/sucrose system was possibly associated with a low free volume and a low free volume expansion at temperatures above the Tg. Phase separation and crystallization during storage were studied using differential scanning calorimetry, and three separate domains were identified in stored samples (i.e., sugar crystals, glucose-rich and disaccharide-rich amorphous domains). Phase separation and crystallization were significantly retarded in the glucose/trehalose system. Our data suggest that the superior stability of the trehalose system is associated with several properties of the trehalose glass, including low free volume, restricted molecular mobility and the ability to resist phase separation and crystallization during storage.
This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques