alexa Protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B gene PTPN1: selection of tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms and association with body fat, insulin sensitivity, and the metabolic syndrome in a normal female population.


Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics

Author(s): SpencerJones NJ, Wang X, Snieder H, Spector TD, Carter ND,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B negatively regulates leptin and insulin signaling, potentially contributing to hormonal resistance. We selected six tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) representing 18 common variants in the protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B gene (PTPN1) and tested their effect on serum leptin, body fat, and measures of insulin sensitivity and the metabolic syndrome in a large sample of normal female Caucasian twins (n = 2,777; mean age, 47.4 +/- 12.5 years) from the St. Thomas' U.K. Adult Twin Registry. SNP rs718049 was significantly associated with waist circumference (P = 0.008) and central fat (P = 0.035) and also with Avignon's insulin sensitivity index (SiM) (P = 0.007), fasting insulin (P = 0.004), fasting glucose (P = 0.022), triglyceride (P = 0.023), and systolic blood pressure (P = 0.046). SNPs rs2282146 and rs1885177 were associated with SiM (P = 0.049 and P = 0.013, respectively), and 1484insG was associated with triglyceride (P = 0.029). A risk haplotype (7.3\%) was associated with lower SiM (P = 0.036) and a protective haplotype (5.2\%) with higher SiM (P = 0.057), with mean values in homozygotes differing by >1 SD (P = 0.003). The protective haplotype also showed lower triglyceride (P = 0.045) and lower systolic blood pressure (P = 0.006). Fine mapping analyses predicted significant associations with SiM and fasting insulin for several ungenotyped SNPs. PTPN1 variants appear to contribute to central fat and metabolic syndrome traits, secondary to their effect on insulin sensitivity.
This article was published in Diabetes and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Medical Genomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version