Author(s): Corgier BP, Bellon S, AngerLeroy M, Blum LJ, Marquette CA
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Abstract A direct protein immobilization method for surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) gold chip arraying is exposed. The biomolecule electroaddressing strategy, previously demonstrated by our team on carbon surfaces, is here valuably involved and adapted to create a straightforward and efficient protein immobilization process onto SPRi-biochips. The proteins, modified with an aryl-diazonium adduct, are addressed to the SPRi chip surface through the electroreduction of the aryl-diazonium. The biomolecule deposition was followed through SPRi live measurements during the electrografting process. A specially designed setup enabled us to directly observe the mass increasing at the sensor surface while the proteins were electrografted. A pin electrospotting method, allowing the achievement of distinct sensing layers on gold SPRi-biochips, was used to generate microarray biochips. The integrity of the immobilized proteins and the specificity of the detection, based on antigen/antibody interactions, were demonstrated for the detection of specific antibodies and ovalbumin. The SPRi detection limit of ovalbumin using the electroaddressing of anti-ovalbumin IgG was compared with two other immobilization procedures, cystamine-glutaraldehyde self-assembled monolayer and pyrrole, and was found to be a decade lower than these ones (100 ng/mL, i.e., 2 nM).
This article was published in Langmuir
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology