alexa Proteomics analysis of conditioned media from three breast cancer cell lines: a mine for biomarkers and therapeutic targets.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Kulasingam V, Diamandis EP

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Abstract A "bottom-up" proteomics approach and a two-dimensional (strong cation exchange followed by reversed-phase) LC-MS/MS strategy on a linear ion trap (LTQ) were utilized to identify and compare expressions of extracellular and membrane-bound proteins in the conditioned media of three breast cell lines (MCF-10A, BT474, and MDA-MB-468). Proteomics analysis of the media identified in excess of 600, 500, and 700 proteins in MCF-10A, BT474, and MDA-MB-468, respectively. We successfully identified the internal control proteins, kallikreins 5, 6, and 10 (ranging in concentration from 2 to 50 microg/liter) in MDA-MB-468 conditioned medium as validated by ELISA and confidently identified Her-2/neu in BT474 cells. Subcellular localization was determined based on Genome Ontology terms for all the 1,139 proteins of which 34\% were classified as extracellular and membrane-bound. Proteomics analysis of MDA-MB-468 cell lysate demonstrated that only 5\% of all identified proteins were extracellular. This confirmed our hypothesis that examining the CM of cell lines, as opposed to the cell lysates, leads to a significant enrichment in secreted proteins. Tissue specificity, functional classifications, and spectral counting were performed. Elafin, a protease inhibitor, identified in the conditioned media of BT474 and MDA-MB-468 and the three kallikreins (KLK5, KLK6, and KLK10) were validated using an immunoassay on various serum and biological samples. Some of the secreted proteins identified have established roles in breast cancer development (cell growth, differentiation, and metastasis) and/or are linked to early onset breast cancer. Our approach to mining for low abundance molecules could identify proteins in various stages of breast cancer development. Many of the identified proteins are potentially useful to investigate as circulating serum breast cancer biomarkers. This article was published in Mol Cell Proteomics and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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