alexa Proton MR spectroscopy and MRI-volumetry in mild traumatic brain injury.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Author(s): Cohen BA, Inglese M, Rusinek H, Babb JS, Grossman RI,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: More than 85\% of brain traumas are classified as "mild"; MR imaging findings are minimal if any and do not correspond to clinical symptoms. Our goal, therefore, was to quantify the global decline of the neuronal marker N-acetylaspartate (NAA), as well as gray (GM) and white matter (WM) atrophy after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients (11 male, 9 female; age range, 19-57 years; median, 35 years) with mTBI (Glasgow Coma Scale score 13-15 with loss of consciousness for at least 30 seconds) and 19 age- and sex-matched control subjects were studied. Seven patients were studied within 9 days of TBI; the other 13 ranged from 1.2 months to 31.5 years (average and median of 4.6 and 1.7 years, respectively) after injury. Whole-brain NAA (WBNAA) concentration was obtained in all subjects with nonlocalizing proton MR spectroscopy. Brain volume and GM and WM fractions were segmented from T1-weighted MR imaging and normalized to the total intracranial volume, suitable for intersubject comparisons. The data were analyzed with least squares regression. RESULTS: Patients with mTBI exhibited, on average, a 12\% WBNAA deficit that increased with age, compared with the control subjects (p<.05). Adjusted for age effects, patients also suffered both global atrophy (-1.09\%/year; P=.029) and GM atrophy (-0.89\%/year; P=.042). Patients with and without visible MR imaging pathology, typically punctate foci of suspected shearing injury, were indistinguishable in both atrophy and WBNAA. CONCLUSION: WBNAA detected neuronal/axonal injury beyond the minimal focal MR-visible lesions in mTBI. Combined with GM atrophy, the findings may provide further, noninvasive insight into the nature and progression of mTBI.
This article was published in AJNR Am J Neuroradiol and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords