Author(s): van HageHamsten M, Pauli G
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Abstract In the past few decades, DNA technology has enabled the production of defined recombinant allergen molecules for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Recombinant allergens containing most of the relevant IgE epitopes present in natural allergen sources are now available and allergen proteins can be produced that are identical, without biological or batch-to-batch variation. A great advantage of recombinant allergens is that they can be used for component-resolved diagnostics, which makes it possible to establish the patient's individual IgE reactivity profile before therapy is selected. However, before recombinant allergens can be applied in clinical practice their biological activity has to be carefully investigated in vivo. We here describe the most commonly used provocation methods (skin tests (prick and intradermal), nasal, bronchial, and conjunctival provocations) and how they can be performed. We also discuss the results so far obtained with in vivo testing using recombinant allergens and envisage their future use for immunotherapy.
This article was published in Methods
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability