Author(s): Shakersain B, Santoni G, Larsson SC, FaxnIrving G, Fastbom J,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION: The influence of mixed dietary patterns on cognitive changes is unknown. METHODS: A total of 2223 dementia-free participants aged ≥60 were followed up for 6 years to examine the impact of dietary patterns on cognitive decline. Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) was administered. Diet was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. By factor analysis, Western and prudent dietary patterns emerged. Mixed-effect models for longitudinal data with repeated measurements were used. RESULTS: Compared with the lowest adherence to each pattern, the highest adherence to prudent pattern was related to less MMSE decline (β = 0.106, P = .011), whereas the highest adherence to Western pattern was associated with more MMSE decline (β = -0.156, P < .001). The decline associated with Western diet was attenuated when accompanied by high adherence to prudent pattern. DISCUSSION: High adherence to prudent diet may diminish the adverse effects of high adherence to Western diet on cognitive decline. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Alzheimers Dement
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences