Author(s): Thallapally PK, Motkuri RK, Fernandez CA, McGrail BP, Behrooz GS
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Abstract Adsorption isotherms of pure gases present in flue gas including CO(2), N(2), SO(2), NO, H(2)S, and water were studied using prussian blues of chemical formula M(3)[Co(CN)(6)](2).nH(2)O (M = Co, Zn) using an HPVA-100 volumetric gas analyzer and other spectroscopic methods. All the samples were characterized, and the microporous nature of the samples was studied using the BET isotherm. These materials adsorbed 8-10 wt \% of CO(2) at room temperature and 1 bar of pressure with heats of adsorption ranging from 200 to 300 Btu/lb of CO(2), which is lower than monoethanolamine (750 Btu/lb of CO(2)) at the same mass loading. At high pressures (30 bar and 298 K), these materials adsorbed approximately 20-30 wt \% of CO(2), which corresponds to 3 to 5 molecules of CO(2) per formula unit. Similar gas adsorption isotherms for SO(2), H(2)S, and NO were collected using a specially constructed volumetric gas analyzer. At close to 1 bar of equilibrium pressure, these materials sorb around 2.5, 2.7, and 1.2 mmol/g of SO(2), H(2)S, and NO. In particular, the uptake of SO(2) and H(2)S in Co(3)[Co(CN)(6)](2) is quite significant since it sorbs around 10 and 4.5 wt \% at 0.1 bar of pressure. The stability of prussian blues before and after trace gases was studied using a powder X-ray diffraction instrument, which confirms these materials do not decompose after exposure to trace gases.
This article was published in Inorg Chem
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense