Author(s): Pospelova TV, Demidenko ZN, Bukreeva EI, Pospelov VA, Gudkov AV,
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Abstract Cellular senescence is currently viewed as a response to DNA damage. In this report, we showed that non-damaging agents such as sodium butyrate-induced p21 and ectopic expression of either p21 or p16 cause cellular senescence without detectable DNA breaks. Nevertheless, senescent cells displayed components of DNA damage response (DDR) such as gammaH2AX foci and uniform nuclear staining for p-ATM. Importantly, there was no accumulation of 53BP1 in gammaH2AX foci of senescent cells. Consistently, comet assay failed to detect DNA damage. Rapamycin, an inhibitor of mTO R, which was shown to suppress cellular senescence, decreased gammaH2AX foci formation. Thus, cellular senescence leads to activation of atypical DDR without detectable DNA damage. Pseudo-DDR may be a marker of general over-activation of senescent cells.
This article was published in Cell Cycle
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy