Author(s): Peix A, Berge O, Rivas R, Abril A, Velzquez E
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Abstract During a study in the Argentinian region of Chaco (Cordoba), some strains were isolated from the rhizosphere of grasses growing in semi-desertic arid soils. Two of these strains, one isolated from the rhizospheric soil of Chloris ciliata (strain CH01(T)) and the other from Pappophorum caespitosum (strain PA01), were Gram-negative, strictly aerobic rods, which formed yellow round colonies on nutrient agar. They produced a water-insoluble yellow pigment, and a fluorescent pigment was also detected. A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to characterize the strains. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed a similarity of 99.3 \% between them, and phylogenetic analysis revealed that the strains belong to the genus Pseudomonas, within the gamma-subclass of the Proteobacteria. The closest related species is Pseudomonas straminea IAM 1598(T) (similarity of 99.0 \% to strain CH01(T) and 98.8 \% to strain PA01), clustering in a separate branch with the various methods of tree building used. Strains CH01(T) and PA01 both had a single polar flagellum, like other yellow pigment-producing pseudomonads related to them. Both strains produced catalase and oxidase. Similar to P. straminea, they did not hydrolyse gelatin or casein. The G+C DNA contents determined were 57.5 mol\% for CH01(T) and 58.0 mol\% for PA01. DNA-DNA hybridization results showed 81 \% relatedness between them, and only 40-44 \% relatedness with respect to the type strain of P. straminea. These results, together with other phenotypic characteristics, support the conclusion that both isolates belong to the same species, and should be described as representing a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas argentinensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CH01(T) (=LMG 22563(T) = CECT 7010(T)).
This article was published in Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health