Author(s): Sarwer DB, Wadden TA, Fabricatore AN
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Abstract Bariatric surgery has become an increasingly popular treatment option for individuals with extreme obesity (defined as a BMI > or = 40 kg/m2) or those with less severe obesity accompanied by significant comorbidities. Sustained postoperative weight loss and improvements in obesity-related health problems make bariatric surgery the most effective treatment for this population. Nevertheless, most experts agree that psychosocial and behavioral factors contribute to successful postoperative outcomes. This paper reviews the literature on the preoperative psychosocial status, eating behaviors, and quality of life of patients who seek bariatric surgery. In addition, the paper examines studies that investigated changes in these factors postoperatively. The review concludes with an agenda for future research in this area.
This article was published in Obes Res
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy