alexa Pulmonary blood flow alters nitric oxide production in patients undergoing device closure of atrial septal defects.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Author(s): Tworetzky W, Moore P, Bekker JM, Bristow J, Black SM,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of pulmonary blood flow (Qp) on nitric oxide (NO) production in patients with increased Qp due to an atrial septal defect (ASD). BACKGROUND: Alterations in pulmonary vascular NO production have been implicated in the development of pulmonary hypertension secondary to increased Qp. In vitro, acute changes in flow or shear stress alter NO production. However, the effect of Qp on lung NO production in vivo is unclear. METHODS: Nineteen patients (2.4-61 years of age, median 17) with secundum ASD undergoing device closure were studied. Before, and 30 min after ASD closure, exhaled NO and plasma nitrate concentration were measured by chemiluminescence (NOA 280, Sievers, Boulder, Colorado). RESULTS: Before ASD closure, all patients had increased Qp (Qp: systemic blood flow [Qs] of 2.0 +/- 0.7) and normal mean pulmonary arterial pressure (13.4 +/- 3.1 mm Hg). Atrial septal defect device closure decreased Qp from 6.0 +/- 2.5 to 3.6 +/- 1.3 L/min/m2 (p < 0.05). Mean pulmonary arterial pressure was unchanged. Associated with the decrease in Qp, both exhaled NO (-22.1\%, p < 0.05) and plasma nitrate concentrations (-17.9\%, p < 0.05) decreased. CONCLUSIONS: These data represent the first demonstration that acute changes in Qp alter pulmonary NO production in vivo in humans. Exhaled NO determinations may provide a noninvasive assessment of pulmonary vascular NO production in patients with congenital heart disease. Potential correlations between exhaled NO, pulmonary vascular reactivity and pulmonary hypertension warrant further study.
This article was published in J Am Coll Cardiol and referenced in Pediatrics & Therapeutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords