alexa Pulmonary hemodynamics and gas exchange properties during progressive edema.


Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Author(s): Ngeow YK, Mitzner W

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In this investigation we have studied the effect of increments of pulmonary edema on pulmonary hemodynamics, and physiological and hemodynamic shunt in an isolated lung preparation. Hemodynamic shunt was defined by the slope of the relationship between pulmonary arterial and airway pressures; when the slope decreases, there is a greater degree of shunt. Cardiovascular changes were analyzed using a Starling resistor model of the pulmonary circulation where the effective downstream pressure to flow as seen from the pulmonary artery exceeds the pulmonary venous outflow pressure. This effective downstream pressure is referred to as the critical pressure (Pc), and at low lung inflation the locus of this critical pressure is in extra-alveolar vessels. With 3-4 h of progressive edema to an average of 185\% initial lobe weight we found a progressive rise in pulmonary arterial pressure (Ppa) from 12.1 to 21.5 cmH2O. About one-third of this increase in Ppa resulted from an increased Pc and the remainder resulted from an increased resistance upstream from the locus of Pc. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the interstitial accumulation of fluid creates enough of an increase in interstitial pressure to compress extra-alveolar vessels. There was no significant correlation between the amount of edema and the measured physiologic shunt, but the hemodynamic shunt showed a highly significant correlation. The hemodynamic shunt theoretically measures the extent of obstructed airways and may be a useful index of the degree of pulmonary edema.
This article was published in J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version