Author(s): Dimopoulos K, Wort SJ, Gatzoulis MA
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Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension related to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD) is a common type of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Despite this, little emphasis has been given to this group of patients until recently, when compared with idiopathic PAH. This is largely because of the complexity and the wide range of underlying cardiac anatomy and physiology, with a multitude of adaptive mechanisms not fully understood. Pulmonary arterial hypertension related to congenital heart disease is, therefore, best diagnosed and managed in centres specializing in both CHD and PAH, to avoid common pitfalls and old practices and to provide state-of-the-art care. We discuss the optimal management of PAH-CHD patients in a series of actions to be taken in order to optimize short- and long-term outcome, based on current knowledge of the condition and the advent of targeted advanced therapies.
This article was published in Eur Heart J
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine