Author(s): Hung MN, Lee BH
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Abstract A beta-galactosidase isoenzyme, beta-Gall, from Bifidobacterium infantis HL96, was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified to homogeneity. The molecular mass of the beta-Gall subunit was estimated to be 115 kDa by SDS-PAGE. The enzyme appeared to be a tetramer, with a molecular weight of about 470 kDa by native PAGE. The optimum temperature and pH for o-nitrophenyl-beta-D-galactopyranoside (ONPG) and lactose were 60 degrees C, pH 7.5, and 50 degrees C, pH 7.5, respectively. The enzyme was stable over a pH range of 5.0-8.5, and remained active for more than 80 min at pH 7.0, 50 degrees C. The enzyme activity was significantly increased by reducing agents. Maximum activity required the presence of both Na+ and K+, at a concentration of 10 mM. The enzyme was strongly inhibited by p-chloromercuribenzoic acid, divalent metal cations, and Cr3+, and to a lesser extent by EDTA and urea. The hydrolytic activity using lactose as a substrate was significantly inhibited by galactose. The Km, and Vmax values for ONPG and lactose were 2.6 mM, 262 U/mg, and 73.8 mM, 1.28 U/mg, respectively. beta-Gall possesses strong transgalactosylation activity. The production rate of galactooligosaccharides from 20\% lactose at 30 and 60 degrees C was 120 mg/ml, and this rate increased to 190 mg/ml when 30\% lactose was used.
This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol
and referenced in Journal of Food & Industrial Microbiology