alexa Purification and characterization of calobin II, a second type of thrombin-like enzyme from Agkistrodon caliginosus (Korean viper).
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Cho SY, Hahn BS, Yang KY, Kim YS

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Abstract In our previous report, we purified and cloned the gene of a thrombin-like enzyme, calobin, from the venom of Agkistrodon caliginosus (Hahn, B.S., Yang, K.Y., Park, E.M., Chang, I.M., Kim, Y. S., 1996. Purification and molecular cloning of calobin, a thrombin-like enzyme from Agkistrodon caliginosus (Korean viper). J. Biochem. 119, 835-843.). During the purification of calobin, a second type of thrombin-like protease was found and it was purified using Affi-Gel Blue and Mono-S cation-exchange chromatography. It was identified as a serine protease with a molecular weight of 41, 000 on SDS-PAGE and its isoelectric point was determined to be 7.4 by isoelectric focusing. It showed little azocaseinolytic and fibrinolytic activity. However, this enzyme acted on fibrinogen to form fibrin with a specific activity of 7,587 NIH equivalent units and also exhibited arginine esterase activity. Amino acid sequencing of the N-terminal region established a primary structure composed of Val-Ile-Gly-Gly-Asp-Glu-Cys-Asn-Ile-Asn-Glu-His-Arg-Phe-Leu-Val-Ala-X -Tyr. This sequence was entirely consistent with that of calobin and showed a high homology with other thrombin-like enzymes, such as ancrod, batroxobin and gyroxin. Based on the biochemical properties such as molecular weight and isoelectric point, we can demonstrate a second thrombin-like protein showing a high potent clotting activity from the venom of Korean viper.
This article was published in Toxicon and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

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