Author(s): Yamada T, Hattori K, Ishimoto M
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Abstract Two proteinaceous alpha-amylase inhibitors termed alphaAI-Pa1 and alphaAI-Pa2 were purified from seeds of a cultivated tepary bean (Phaseolus acutifolius A. Gray, cv. PI311897). The two inhibitors differed in their specificity towards alpha-amylases of insect pests such as bruchids, although neither showed any inhibitory activity against alpha-amylases of mammalian, bacterial or fungal origin. AlphaAI-Pa2 resembles two common bean inhibitors, alphaAI-1 and alphaAI-2, in several characteristics such as N-terminal amino acid sequences and oligomeric structure being composed of alpha and beta subunits. In contrast alphaAI-Pa1 is composed of a single glycopolypeptide with a molecular mass of 35 kDa, and its N-terminal amino acid sequence resembled that of seed lectins in tepary bean and common bean. The information on the two tepary bean alpha-amylase inhibitors may be useful not only for providing insight into critical structure for the specificity towards different alpha-amylase enzymes but also for enhancing insect resistance in crops.
This article was published in Phytochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy