Author(s): Yang WP, Bauer WR
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Abstract A major vaccinia virus core protein, designated VP8, has been purified from virions to homogeneity through DEAE-cellulose, CM-cellulose, and hydroxyapatite chromatography. VP8 migrates as a 25-kDa band in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and sediments as a monomeric species in neutral sucrose gradient centrifugation. This protein is a significant constitutent of the virion, comprising about 6.5\% of the total viral polypeptides by mass. Analysis by filter binding and by sucrose gradient centrifugation shows that VP8 binds to double-stranded as well as to single-stranded DNA at low salt concentrations (25 mM NaCl). At higher salt concentrations (100 mM NaCl), the protein binds with a relatively greater affinity to single-stranded DNA. The results from sucrose gradient centrifugation indicate that VP8 probably binds noncooperatively to all structural forms of DNA. The protein is likely to be a component of the viral nucleoprotein complex.
This article was published in Virology
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense