alexa Purification and molecular cloning of xylanases from the wood-feeding termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Author(s): Arakawa G, Watanabe H, Yamasaki H, Maekawa H, Tokuda G

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Coptotermes formosanus is one of the most destructive termites in the southern part of Japan as well as in the United States. Hemicellulose is a noncellulosic polysaccharide found in plant cell walls, and xylan is the major constituent of hemicellulose. Since hemicellulose prevents access of cellulolytic enzymes to cellulose, enzymatic hydrolysis of hemicellulose is beneficial for cellulose digestion. We purified three functional xylanases to homogeneity from C. formosanus for the first time. Elution profiles from the whole termite extract suggest that these three xylanases play major roles in xylan digestion in the gut of the termites. The corresponding cDNAs were successfully cloned based on the N-terminal amino acid sequences, encoding GHF11 xylanases. Reverse transcription-PCR using manipulated protozoan cells in the hindgut revealed that the corresponding genes were expressed in the symbiotic flagellate Holomastigotoides mirabile. These results suggest that the GHF11 xylanases that are produced by the symbiotic flagellates play a primary role in xylan degradation in C. formosanus. This article was published in Biosci Biotechnol Biochem and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 6th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy
    Sep 5-6, 2017 London, UK
  • 6th World Congress on Biopolymers
    September 7-9, 2017 Paris, France
  • 7th International Conference and Exhibition on Biopolymers and Bioplastics
    October 19-21, 2017 San Francisco, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version