Author(s): Gilbert EJ, Cornish A, Jones CW
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Abstract Extracellular lipase was purified from a Tween 80-limited continuous culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa EF2 by ultrafiltration of the culture supernatant followed by anion-exchange and gel-filtration FPLC. The lipase was composed of a single subunit (Mr 29,000, pI 4.9), which was capable of a variable degree of aggregation, and which exhibited both lipase activity, measured with the insoluble substrate olive oil (predominantly triolein), and esterase activity, measured with the soluble substrates p-nitrophenyl acetate and Tween 80. Lipase activity was approximately eight times higher than either type of esterase activity (kcat approximately 3000 s-1 for the hydrolysis of olive oil). The enzyme showed a marked regiospecificity for the 1,3-oleyl residues of radiolabelled triolein, was relatively stable at moderate temperatures (exhibiting a biphasic loss of activity with an initial t1/2 of 17.5 min at 60 degrees C) and was very stable to freezing and thawing. Lipase activity was only weakly inhibited by the serine-active reagent 3,4-dichloroisocoumarin, and was not inhibited by the chelating agent EDTA (1 mM). The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the Ps. aeruginosa EF2 lipase showed a marked similarity to those of several other bacterial lipases.
This article was published in J Gen Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability