alexa Purkinje cell axonal anatomy: quantifying morphometric changes in essential tremor versus control brains.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

Author(s): Babij R, Lee M, Corts E, Vonsattel JP, Faust PL, , Babij R, Lee M, Corts E, Vonsattel JP, Faust PL,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Growing clinical, neuro-imaging and post-mortem data have implicated the cerebellum as playing an important role in the pathogenesis of essential tremor. Aside from a modest reduction of Purkinje cells in some post-mortem studies, Purkinje cell axonal swellings (torpedoes) are present to a greater degree in essential tremor cases than controls. Yet a detailed study of more subtle morphometric changes in the Purkinje cell axonal compartment has not been undertaken. We performed a detailed morphological analysis of the Purkinje cell axonal compartment in 49 essential tremor and 39 control brains, using calbindin D28k immunohistochemistry on 100-µm cerebellar cortical vibratome tissue sections. Changes in axonal shape [thickened axonal profiles (P = 0.006), torpedoes (P = 0.038)] and changes in axonal connectivity [axonal recurrent collaterals (P < 0.001), axonal branching (P < 0.001), terminal axonal sprouting (P < 0.001)] were all present to an increased degree in essential tremor cases versus controls. The changes in shape and connectivity were significantly correlated [e.g. correlation between thickened axonal profiles and recurrent collaterals (r = 0.405, P < 0.001)] and were correlated with tremor duration among essential tremor cases with age of onset >40 years. In essential tremor cases, thickened axonal profiles, axonal recurrent collaterals and branched axons were 3- to 5-fold more frequently seen on the axons of Purkinje cells with torpedoes versus Purkinje cells without torpedoes. We document a range of changes in the Purkinje cell axonal compartment in essential tremor. Several of these are likely to be compensatory changes in response to Purkinje cell injury, thus illustrating an important feature of Purkinje cells, which is that they are relatively resistant to damage and capable of mobilizing a broad range of axonal responses to injury. The extent to which this plasticity of the Purkinje cell axon is partially neuroprotective or ultimately ineffective at slowing further cellular changes and cell death deserves further study in essential tremor.
This article was published in Brain and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]e.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords