Author(s): Whitmont KJ, Cooper AJ
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Abstract The results of PUVA treatment of alopecia areata (AA) totalis and universalis were reviewed in 26 adult patients. Eight of 15 patients with AA totalis and six of 11 patients with AA universalis achieved a complete response (>90\% hair regrowth). Patients with AA totalis had a greater incidence of treatment failure (<25\% hair regrowth) than those with AA universalis. Patients with a family history of AA were significantly less likely to have a positive response to PUVA than those with no family history. Sex, age at diagnosis and treatment, interval between diagnosis and treatment, and background of atopy were not significant determinants of outcome. Although unable to show significance for clinical response to treatment, this study demonstrates complete hair regrowth in patients with both AA totalis (53\%) and universalis (55\%) while reporting a low relapse rate among these patients (21\%) within a long period of follow up (mean 5.2 years).
This article was published in Australas J Dermatol
and referenced in Hair Therapy & Transplantation