Author(s): Bansal S, , Beg S, Garg B, Asthana A,
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Abstract The objective of the present studies was systematic development of floating-bioadhesive gastroretentive tablets of cefuroxime axetil employing rational blend of hydrophilic polymers for attaining controlled release drug delivery. As per the QbD-based approach, the patient-centric target product profile and quality attributes of tablet were earmarked, and preliminary studies were conducted for screening the suitability of type of polymers, polymer ratio, granulation technique, and granulation time for formulation of tablets. A face-centered cubic design (FCCD) was employed for optimization of the critical material attributes, i.e., concentration of release controlling polymers, PEO 303 and HPMC K100 LV CR, and evaluating in vitro buoyancy, drug release, and ex vivo mucoadhesion strength. The optimized formulation was embarked upon through numerical optimization, which yield excellent floatation characteristic with drug release control (i.e., T 60\% > 6 h) and bioadhesion strength. Drug-excipient compatibility studies through FTIR and P-XRD revealed the absence of any interaction between the drug and polymers. In vivo evaluation of the gastroretentive characteristics through X-ray imaging and in vivo pharmacokinetic studies in rabbits revealed significant extension in the rate of drug absorption (i.e., T max, K a, and MRT) from the optimized tablet formulation as compared to the marketed formulation. Successful establishment of various levels of in vitro/in vivo correlations (IVIVC) substantiated high degree of prognostic ability of in vitro dissolution conditions in predicting the in vivo performance. In a nutshell, the studies demonstrate successful development of the once-a-day gastroretentive formulations of cefuroxime axetil with controlled drug release profile and improved compliance.
This article was published in AAPS PharmSciTech
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability