Author(s): Peters AJ, Zaneveld LJ, Jeyendran RS
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To provide a simple, universally applicable method of quality assurance for sperm counting, thereby reducing intercounting chamber variation. DESIGN: By using a known concentration of latex beads, the sperm:bead ratio can be used to calculate the actual sperm count. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The mean sperm and bead counts were determined in both a Spot-lite hemocytometer (Baxter Diagnostics, McGaw Park, IL) and a Makler chamber (Polymedco Inc., Yorktown, NY) from 21 different ejaculates mixed with a known concentration of beads. The hemocytometer chamber was used as the standard counting chamber because it consistently yielded a low variation in sperm count. The adjusted sperm concentration of the Makler chamber was calculated using the following formula [hemocytometer beads]/[Makler beads] x [Makler sperm]. RESULTS: Observed mean +/- SD sperm counts were significantly different between the hemocytometer chamber (110.6 +/- 66.2 x 10(6)/mL) and Makler chamber (173.3 +/- 103.5 x 10(6)/mL). However, calculated Makler chamber sperm counts (118.1 +/- 76.1 x 10(6)/mL) was not statistically different from observed hemocytometer sperm counts. CONCLUSION: This novel approach to sperm counting using a known concentration of latex beads as a reference material can be used to reduce variation in sperm counting between observers, counting chambers, and possibly computerized sperm analyzers.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Andrology-Open Access