Author(s): Dubur A, Mehi B, Dubur A, FilipovskaMuanovi M, Denjali A,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract AIM: To analyze differences in quality of life between smokers and non-smokers in relation to socioeconomic factors. METHODS: This study was conducted on a sample of 600 respondents equally divided in two groups, smokers (300) and non-smokers (300). Former smokers were excluded. The study included both sexes equally further distributed into age groups: 19-34, 35- 49, 50-64 and 65-70 years. A questionnaire SF-36 to test the quality of life (36 questions measuring eight dimensions of quality of life) and questionnaire EuroQoL to examine the socioeconomic status was used. For the assessment of a given factor impact multivariant and univariant analyses of variance were used. RESULTS: A significant difference in the quality of life between smokers and non-smokers according to the gender was found, but only at the subscales of physical functioning and bodily pain (p=0.000). An analysis of individual dimensions of quality of life in relation to marital status of smokers and non-smokers showed significant differences on the subscales of physical functioning (p=0.032), vitality (p=0.0430) and mental health (p=0.016). An analysis of life quality in relation to smoking status of respondents and the average monthly income showed that the average scores on all subscales were higher in non-smokers compared to smokers (p=0.000) and they were increased with the average monthly income. CONCLUSION: The results of this study prove that there are significant differences in quality of life according to the smoking status. Also the socioeconomic factors which include age, gender, the surrounding, marital status, employment, total monthly income and level of education are of great influence on the quality of life with significant differences in relation to smoking status.
This article was published in Med Glas (Zenica)
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy