Author(s): Laurie AD, LloydJones G
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Abstract Unculturable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-degrading bacteria are a significant reservoir of the microbial potential to catabolize low-molecular-weight PAHs. The population of these bacteria is larger than the population of nah-like bacteria that are the dominant organisms in culture-based studies. We used the recently described phn genes of Burkholderia sp. strain RP007, which feature only rarely in culture-based studies, as an alternative genotype for naphthalene and phenanthrene degradation and compared this genotype with the genotypically distinct but ubiquitous nah-like class in different soils. Competitive PCR quantification of phnAc and nahAc, which encode the iron sulfur protein large (alpha) subunits of PAH dioxygenases in nah-like and phn catabolic operons, revealed that the phn genotype can have a greater ecological significance than the nah-like genotype.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology