alexa Quantification of specific bindings of biomolecules by magnetorelaxometry.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Eberbeck D, Bergemann C, Wiekhorst F, Steinhoff U, Trahms L

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Abstract The binding reaction of the biomolecules streptavidin and anti-biotin antibody, both labelled by magnetic nanoparticles (MNP), to biotin coated on agarose beads, was quantified by magnetorelaxometry (MRX). Highly sensitive SQUID-based MRX revealed the immobilization of the MNP caused by the biotin-streptavidin coupling. We found that about 85\% of streptavidin-functionalised MNP bound specifically to biotin-agarose beads. On the other hand only 20\% of antibiotin-antibody functionalised MNP were specifically bound. Variation of the suspension medium revealed in comparison to phosphate buffer with 0.1\% bovine serum albumin a slight change of the binding behaviour in human serum, probably due to the presence of functioning (non heated) serum proteins. Furthermore, in human serum an additional non-specific binding occurs, being independent from the serum protein functionality.The presented homogeneous bead based assay is applicable in simple, uncoated vials and it enables the assessment of the binding kinetics in a volume without liquid flow. The estimated association rate constant for the MNP-labelled streptavidin is by about two orders of magnitude smaller than the value reported for free streptavidin. This is probably due to the relatively large size of the magnetic markers which reduces the diffusion of streptavidin. Furthermore, long time non-exponential kinetics were observed and interpreted as agglutination of the agarose beads.
This article was published in J Nanobiotechnology and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

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