Author(s): Priyanka Rai, RM Mishra, Sarita Parihar
This paper present air pollutants (suspended particulate matter, sulphur dioxide and oxide of nitrogen) emitted from Maihar cement plant and they may produce harmful effects on human health and his environment. This study was undertaken to investigate the quality of air in Maihar. Cement air pollution is rapidly becoming an environmental problem of public concern worldwide. It can influence public health and local or regional weather and climate. All the data were collected for a study period at five different locations (Bus stand, Labours colony, Maihar cement colony, Railway colony and Rewa road). In the present study at Maihar city, Primary pollutants such as SO2 and NOx were found within the standard value and SPM exceeding the standard value prescribed for residential and rural uses by CPCB, New Delhi. Maximum concentration of Suspended particulate matter, Sulphur dioxide and Oxide of nitrogen is found during winter months, moderate during summer and minimum during monsoon months indicate marked seasonal variation of pollutants under present investigation. Present study determines association between cement air pollution on one hand and occurrence of human health diseases on other hand. A questionnaire based survey was conducted to collect the data for incidence of air pollution linked diseases among the people of sampling sites. Result determine the maximum incidence of respiratory diseases (such as tuberculosis, bronchitis, cough, asthma etc.) compare to other diseases among the affected people.