Author(s): Finkelman RD, Mohan S, Jennings JC, Taylor AK, Jepsen S,
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Abstract Human bone matrix is known to contain a battery of polypeptide growth factors. Since dentin is a mineralized tissue similar to bone in composition and perhaps in formation, human dentin was assayed for the presence of similar growth factors. Root dentin proteins were extracted by demineralization in 4 M guanidine hydrochloride (Gu) and 30 mM Tris (pH 7.4) containing 20\% EDTA and proteinase inhibitors. Gu-EDTA extracts were desalted and used for the following assays: (1) bone cell proliferation in chick calvarial cell mitogenic assay using the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into TCA-insoluble material; (2) osteocalcin by radioimmunoassay (RIA); (3) insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) by RIA; (4) skeletal growth factor/insulinlike growth factor II (SGF/IGF-II) by radioreceptor assay; and (5) transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) by bioassay. Gu-EDTA extracts stimulated bone cell proliferation. At 10 micrograms/ml, dentin proteins increased the incorporation of [3H]thymidine by calvarial cells to 320\% of that by BSA-treated control cells. Consistent with the presence of mitogenic activity, growth factors were found in dentin in the following concentrations (ng/micrograms Gu-EDTA protein): (1) IGF-I, 0.06; (2) SGF/IGF-II, 0.52; and (3) TGF-beta, 0.017. All three growth factors were present in concentrations lower than that found in human bone. Osteocalcin was detected at a concentration of 3.0 mg/g Gu-EDTA protein, also much lower than that in bone.
This article was published in J Bone Miner Res
and referenced in Dentistry