Author(s): Richter KS, Harris DC, Daneshmand ST, Shapiro BS
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive value of quantitative measurements of blastocyst morphology on subsequent implantation rates after transfer. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Private assisted reproductive technology center. PATIENT(S): One hundred seventy-four IVF patients receiving transfers of expanded blastocyst-stage embryos on day 5 (n = 112) or day 6 (n = 62) after oocyte retrieval. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Blastocyst diameter, number of trophectoderm cells, inner cell mass (ICM) size, ICM shape, and implantation and pregnancy rates. RESULT(S): Blastocyst diameter and trophectoderm cell numbers were unrelated to implantation rates. Day 5 expanded blastocysts with ICMs of >4,500 microm(2) implanted at a higher rate than did those with smaller ICMs (55\% vs. 31\%). Day 5 expanded blastocysts with slightly oval ICMs implanted at a higher rate (58\%) compared with those with either rounder ICMs (7\%) or more elongated ICMs (33\%). Implantation rates were highest (71\%) for embryos with both optimal ICM size and shape. Pregnancy rates were higher for day 5 transfers of optimally shaped ICMs compared with day 5 transfers of optimally sized ICMs. CONCLUSION(S): Quantitative measurements of the inner cell mass are highly indicative of blastocyst implantation potential. Blastocysts with relatively large and/or slightly oval ICMs are more likely to implant than other blastocysts.
This article was published in Fertil Steril
and referenced in Human Genetics & Embryology