Author(s): Ani Ioana Cotar, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Sorin Dinu, Diana Pelinescu, Otilia Banu
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas (Ps.) aeruginosa causes severe infections, particularly in immunocompromised individuals and patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). A serious side effect of antibiotic therapy in Ps. aeruginosa infections is the development of resistance to antibiotics. During the infection process Ps. aeruginosa forms biofilms, rendering bacterial cells more resistant to disinfectants, antibiotics and the action of host immune defense effectors. Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs the intercellular communication system, known as quorum sensing (QS) to coordinate the expression of tissue-damaging factors. Since the QS systems controls the production of different virulence factors, it is possible that the inhibition of its regulatory activity to severely compromise the ability of Ps. aeruginosa to cause infections in humans. Many studies have shown that some probiotic strains exhibit inhibitory activity on different virulence properties of pathogenic bacteria (adherence to cellular or inert substrate, soluble virulence factors expression). The aim of the present study was to investigate by real-time RT-qPCR the influence of probiotic culture soluble factors on the QS genes expression in 30 Ps. aeruginosa strains isolated from patients hospitalized in the National Institute for Cardiovascular Infections, Prof. C.C. Iliescu Fundeni Hospital, Bucharest. The results of the real time RT-qPCR have shown that in all Ps. aeruginosa strains grown in the presence of probiotic culture sterile filtrates, the level of QS genes expression was reduced comparatively with those from control cultures. In conclusion, these results proved that the inhibition of virulence factors regulation mechanisms by soluble molecules secreted by probiotics could represent an interesting way pathogenicity and virulence attenuation in Ps. aeruginosa nosocomial strains.