alexa Quorum sensing, communication and cross-kingdom signalling in the bacterial world.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Author(s): Williams P

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Although unicellular, bacteria are highly interactive and employ a range of cell-to-cell communication or 'quorum sensing (QS)' systems for promoting collective behaviour within a population. QS is generally considered to facilitate gene expression only when the population has reached a sufficient cell density and depends on the synthesis of small molecules that diffuse in and out of bacterial cells. As the bacterial population density increases, so does the synthesis of QS signal molecules and consequently, their concentration in the external environment increases. Once a critical threshold concentration is reached, a target sensor kinase or response regulator is activated, so facilitating the expression of QS-dependent target genes. Several chemically distinct families of QS signal molecules have been described, of which the N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) family in Gram-negative bacteria have been the most intensively investigated. QS contributes to environmental adaptation by facilitating the elaboration of virulence determinants in pathogenic species and plant biocontrol characteristics in beneficial species as well as directing biofilm formation and colony escape. QS also crosses the prokaryotic-eukaryotic boundary in that QS signal molecules influence the behaviour of eukaryotic organisms in both the plant and mammalian worlds such that QS signal molecules may directly facilitate bacterial survival by promoting an advantageous lifestyle within a given environmental niche. This article was published in Microbiology and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords