alexa R5 to X4 switch of the predominant HIV-1 population in cellular reservoirs during effective highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Author(s): Delobel P, SandresSaun K, Cazabat M, Pasquier C, Marchou B,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract HIV-1 coreceptor usage plays a critical role for virus tropism and pathogenesis. A switch from CCR5 to CXCR4-using viruses can occur in the natural course of infection and correlates with subsequent disease progression. To investigate whether HIV-1 genetic evolution might lead to changes in virus coreceptor usage during highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a longitudinal genotypic analysis of the virus found in cellular reservoirs was conducted in 32 patients with undetectable viral loads on HAART for 5 years. The genotype of the 3rd variable region of the env gene predicting coreceptor usage was retrospectively determined in the plasma or in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) at baseline and then in PBMCs at months 30 and 60 of HAART. There was a switch from R5 to X4 variants in 11 of the 23 patients who harbored a majority virus population of R5 variants at baseline. X4 variants remained predominant in the 9 patients who harbored mainly X4 variants at baseline. The patients harboring predominantly X4 variants during HAART, either from baseline or after an R5 to X4 switch, tended to have lower CD4+ T-cell counts on HAART than did patients harboring continuously a majority population of R5 variants. These results suggest that potent antiretroviral therapy produces the conditions necessary for the gradual emergence of X4 variants in cellular reservoirs.
This article was published in J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr and referenced in Journal of Neuroinfectious Diseases

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords