Author(s): Wilde H, Chutivongse S, Tepsumethanon W, Choomkasien P, Polsuwan C,
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Abstract Of the more than 100,000 courses of postexposure rabies treatment given in Thailand annually, 95\% consist of brain tissue-derived vaccine without immune globulin. Rabies tissue culture vaccines and immune globulins are expensive by the standards of developing countries. When they are given according to either of two proven intradermal postexposure schedules, significant savings can be achieved without loss of efficacy. Purified equine rabies immune globulins account for approximately 10\% of the cost of human products administered to exposed individuals and have been shown to be safe and effective. A canine preexposure immunogenicity study with a potent, inactivated tissue culture vaccine revealed that 12.5\% of Thai dogs failed to develop protective antibody titers 2 months after one subcutaneous injection. Previous studies have shown significant antigenic differences between Thai street rabies virus and European and North African strains.
This article was published in Rev Infect Dis
and referenced in Clinical Depression