alexa Rabies Virus Transcription and Replication


Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

Author(s): Aurlie AV Albertini, Rob WH Ruigrok, Danielle Blondel

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Rabies virus (RABV) is a negative-stranded RNA virus. Its genome is tightly encapsidated by the viral nucleoprotein (N) and this RNA-N complex is the template for transcription and replication by the viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (L) and its cofactor, the phosphoprotein (P). We present molecular, structural, and cellular aspects of RABV transcription and replication. We first summarize the characteristics and molecular biology of both RNA synthesis processes. We then discuss biochemical and structural data on the viral proteins (N, P, and L) and their interactions with regard to their role in viral transcription and replication. Finally, we review evidence that rabies viral transcription and replication take place in cytoplasmic inclusion bodies formed in RABV-infected cells and discuss the role of this cellular compartmentalization.

This article was published in Adv Virus Res. and referenced in Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination

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