alexa Racial influence on the prevalence of prostate carcinoma in Brazilian volunteers
Surgery

Surgery

Medical & Surgical Urology

Author(s): Paschoalin EL, ANTONIO CP MARTINS

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PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of prostate carcinoma in a sample of volunteers known to have a large proportion of Bantu African ancestors, and the performance of total PSA (tPSA), PSA density (PSAD) and free-to-total PSA ratio (f/tPSA) on the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 473 volunteers (range: 40 - 79 years) were screened for prostate carcinoma. Those with tPSA >2 ng/ml and/or abnormal digital rectal examination were submitted to a transrectal ultrasound-directed biopsy (10 cores). The volunteers were classified as White, Mulatto or Black according to physical characteristics and to ancestors race reference. The following variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) were analyzed in the blood of 120 volunteers without cancer and in 27 patients with prostate cancer: D4S43, PAH, F13A1, APOB and vW-1. RESULTS: The biopsies performed in 121 volunteers revealed cancer in 27 (5.7% of 473). The proportions of cancer in White, Mulatto and Black were respectively: 0.6% (1/148), 6.7% (6/90) and 8.5% (20/235) (p = 0.006). The VNTRs analysis revealed heterogeneity in White, Mulatto and Black anthropologic phenotypes with the following admixture of Caucasian, African and Amerindian gene lineages: 67.5 +/- 8%, 20.8 +/- 8%, 11.7 +/- 7%; 54.8 +/- 9%, 36.3 +/- 5%, 8.9 +/- 7%; and, 45.3 +/- 3%, 45.9 +/- 4%, 8.8 +/-7%. Such a mixture was 50.5 +/- 9%, 49 +/- 8% and 0.5 +/- 4% in volunteers bearing cancer, and 59.1 +/- 7%, 31.7 +/- 8% and 9.2 +/- 5% in those without cancer. The sensitivity and specificity of tPSA at cut-off levels of 2, 2.5 and 4 ng/ml for volunteers with tPSA

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This article was published in Int Braz J Urol and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology

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