alexa Racial variability in haplotype frequencies of UGT1A1 and glucuronidation activity of a novel single nucleotide polymorphism 686C> T (P229L) found in an African-American.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Author(s): Kaniwa N, Kurose K, Jinno H, TanakaKagawa T, Saito Y,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Ethnic differences in genetic polymorphisms in UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) were investigated among African-Americans, Caucasians, and Japanese using samples obtained from 150 individuals for each population. Genotyping of -3279T>G in the phenobarbital-responsive enhancer module, TA repeats in the TATA box, 211G>A (G71R) and 686C>A (P229Q) in exon 1, and three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (1813C> T, 1941C>G, and 2042C>G) in the 3'-untranslated region in exon 5 was performed. Eight haplotypes of block 1 (exon 1 and its 5'-flanking region) harboring the first four variations were assigned to each individual. The dominant haplotype for African-Americans was *28b (-3279G;TA(7); 211G;686C) (0.446), whereas that for the Japanese was *1a (-3279T; TA(6);211G;686C) (0.610). Frequencies of the two haplotypes *1a and *28b were comparable in Caucasians. Haplotype *6a (-3279T;TA(6); 211A;686C) was characteristic of the Japanese, whereas haplotypes *36b and *37b (-3279T;TA(5) and TA(8);211G;686C) were found mostly in African-Americans. Although the three SNPs in block 2 (exons 2-5) were in complete linkage in the Japanese, they were not completely linked in African-Americans or Caucasians. These differences in haplotype distribution patterns among the three populations suggest the possibility of ethnic differences in toxicity profiles of drugs detoxicated by UGT1A1. A novel SNP, 686C>T (P229L), was found in an African-American. The intrinsic clearance of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) by P229L UGT1A1 expressed in COS-1 cells was about 3\% of the wild type. The results of Western blotting and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction suggest that the low glucuronidation activity of the variant was partly due to its low stability. The variation 686C>T may cause high toxicity during 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxycamptothecin (CPT-11) therapy or hyperbilirubinemia in patients. This article was published in Drug Metab Dispos and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords