alexa Radiation damage increases Purkinje neuron heterokaryons in neonatal cerebellum.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Biology and Medicine

Author(s): Espejel S, Romero R, AlvarezBuylla A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that in radiated and bone marrow transplanted mice, bone marrow-derived cells (BMDCs) fuse with Purkinje neurons resulting in the formation of binucleated heterokaryons. Here we investigated whether radiation plays a role in the formation of Purkinje neuron heterokaryons. METHODS: Fused cells were identified by reporter gene expression in mice, carrying floxed LacZ (R26R-LacZ) in all cells and Cre in hematopoietic-derived cells. Cell fusion was confirmed by the presence of two nuclei. The number of fused Purkinje neurons was studied in: 1) whole-body radiated newborn and adult R26R-LacZ mice, transplanted with bone marrow cells expressing Cre; 2) in newborn and adult mice that received different doses of radiation to the head; and 3) in radiated and non-radiated newborns treated with a myeloablative drug before bone marrow transplantation. RESULTS: In neonatal, but not in adult cerebelleum, radiation-in a dose-dependent manner-induces a dramatic increase in the number of fused Purkinje neurons. INTERPRETATION: Increase recruitment of BMDCs into the cerebellum, radiation damage to cerebellar cells, or both, increase the formation of fused Purkinje cells. BMDC-Purkinje heterokaryons formation may reflect an endogeneous neuronal repair mechanism, or it could be a by-product of radiation-induced inflammation. In either case, fused Purkinje neurons increase following radiation damage in the developing cerebellum. The above observations reveal a novel consequence of head radiation in neonatal rodents. It will be interesting to determine if similar increase in the number of binucleated Purkinje neurons, occurs in children that receive radiation during early development. Ann Neurol 2009;66:100-109.
This article was published in Ann Neurol and referenced in Biology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords