Author(s): Engbaek F, Voldby B
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Abstract We describe a direct radioimmunoassay for serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) in cerebrospinal fluid, platelet-poor plasma, and serum. We raised antisera in rabbits against serotonin diazotized to a conjugate of bovine albumin and D,L-p-aminophenylalanine. Polyethylene glycol, alone or in combination with anti-rabbit immunoglobulins, is used to separate bound and unbound tritiated serotonin. The minimum concentration of serotonin detectable is 2 nmol/L in a 200-microL sample. Within-day precision (CV) is 4.3\%, between-day precision 7.7\%. Analytical recoveries of serotonin are 109\% and 101\% for cerebrospinal fluid and plasma, respectively. Tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptophan, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and 5-hydroxytryptophol do not interfere with the assay. However, 5-methoxytryptamine and tryptamine cross react. Of samples of cerebrospinal fluid from patients with disc herniations (n = 21) or low-pressure hydrocephalus (n = 10), one-third had concentrations of 2-4 nmol/L and two-thirds were below the minimum detectable concentration. The observed range for the concentration of serotonin in plasma of 14 normal subjects was 5-14 nmol/L (mean +/- SD, 9 +/- 3 nmol/L). The observed ranges for serotonin in serum were: for 10 women 520-900 (mean +/- SD: 695 +/- 110) nmol/L and for 10 men 380-680 (520 +/- 94) nmol/L.
This article was published in Clin Chem
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques