Author(s): Mamede M, Saga T, Kobayashi H, Ishimori T, Higashi T,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract PURPOSE: For the effective internal radiation therapy of i.p. disseminated tumors, we developed avidin (Av)-dendrimer-chelate complex, which can be labeled with indium-111, emitting Auger and conversion electrons, with very high specific activity, and we studied its internalization, biodistribution, and therapeutic effect in nude mice with i.p. tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Generation 4 dendrimer (G4) was biotinylated and conjugated with 52 1B4M chelates. (111)In-G4-bt was mixed with Av to form (111)In-G4-Av complex. (111)In-G4-Av was incubated with ovarian cancer cells (SHIN-3), and the rate of internalization of the radiolabel into SHIN-3 cells was followed. (111)In-G4-Av was i.p. injected into nude mice that had i.p. disseminated SHIN-3 tumors, and the biodistribution was determined. Nude mice bearing i.p. disseminated tumors received i.p. injection of (111)In-G4-Av (9.25 or 18.5 MBq x 2, with a 1-week interval) and were followed for the formation of malignant ascites. RESULTS: Av could be labeled with (111)In with specific activity as high as 37 GBq/mg. More than 75\% of the radioactivity was internalized 24 h after binding to cancer cells. (111)In-G4-Av accumulated rapidly and highly in the i.p. tumors (128.20\% injected dose/gram of tissue at 2 h, 114.91\% injected dose/gram of tissue at 24 h for unsaturated compound) with high tumor:background ratios. Treatment with a high dose of (111)In-G4-bt-Av was tolerable and showed dose-dependent therapeutic effect. CONCLUSIONS: G4-Av complex, which could be labeled with (111)In with very high specific activity and showed efficient internalization into cancer cells and high accumulation to i.p. tumors, appears to be suitable for the internal radiation therapy of i.p. disseminated tumors using metallic radionuclides emitting Auger and conversion electrons.
This article was published in Clin Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability