Author(s): Dufour T, Huppert J, Louis C, Beaurain J, Stecken J,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: High incidence of subsidence in cervical stand-alone cages was reported in the literature. PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to assess the radiological outcomes of a PEEK anchored stand-alone cage (MC+®) with a minimum of 1 year follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective radiological evaluation. PATIENT SAMPLE: The study was conducted in 4 hospitals and involved 28 patients (37 levels) treated by ACDF (Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion) for spondylotic radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. OUTCOME MEASURES: We analyzed fusion, disc height, cage or anchor micro plate migration, discal and segmental lordosis and subsidence. METHODS: All the patients were controlled at least one year after surgery with an average of 31 months. Antero-posterior and lateral X-rays were performed pre-operatively, immediate post-operatively, and at final follow up. The different radiographic measurements were performed with the assistance of software (SpineView®). CT-scans were performed for each case at final follow-up to assess the fusion. RESULTS: No migration or breakage was reported for either the cage or the anchor micro plate. The fusion rate was 94.1\% at the final follow-up. No subsidence was observed. The disc height increased between preop and final follow-up from 23.3\% to 44.3\%, from 22.1\% to 35.1\% and from 38.3\% to 51.5\% for anterior, posterior and midline disc height respectively. Mean Functional Spinal Unit Lordosis increased from 0.9° preop to 3.0° at final follow-up. No new kyphotic situation could be noticed. At the final follow-up, 96\% of the patients stated they would undergo the procedure again. CONCLUSION: With a high rate of proven fusion, restoration of disc height and spinal alignment in most cases, and absence of subsidence or migration, our radiological results with MC+® at more than 1 year of follow-up show the implanted device to be safe and effective for use in treating degenerative conditions of the cervical spine.
This article was published in Br J Neurosurg
and referenced in Journal of Spine